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Hamilton Center on Industrial Strategy

Hamilton Center on Industrial Strategy

ITIF’s Hamilton Center promotes a practical approach to competitiveness policy that enables U.S. technology leadership in global markets. The Hamiltonian agenda entails more than simply increasing economic inputs and factor conditions that are broadly conducive to innovation and growth. The goal must be to go further with policies that directly enable firms in America to lead in advanced technologies and industries that are strategically important for economic and national security.

Featured Publications

How to Mitigate the Damage From China’s Unfair Trade Practices by Giving USITC Power to Make Them Less Profitable

How to Mitigate the Damage From China’s Unfair Trade Practices by Giving USITC Power to Make Them Less Profitable

Section 337 of the 1930 Tariff Act allows the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) to bar imports when domestic industries suffer harm due to unfair competition. Congress should expand the law to better address the unfair trade practices China uses to capture market share in advanced industries at America’s expense.

Is the United States Really One of the Most Competitive Economies in the World? No.

Is the United States Really One of the Most Competitive Economies in the World? No.

The United States has consistently ranked near the top of international competitiveness rankings. But these reports are largely meaningless in measuring actual international competitiveness, providing policymakers a false sense of optimism about America’s position.

The Hamilton Index: Assessing National Performance in the Competition for Advanced Industries

The Hamilton Index: Assessing National Performance in the Competition for Advanced Industries

Compared to major competitors, U.S. output in key advanced industries is weak and declining. Congress and the administration should launch an economic “moon shot” initiative committing to increase the concentration of these industries in the U.S. economy by at least 20 percentage points relative to the global average within a decade.

The Hamilton Index of Advanced-Industry Performance: Data Visualization Tool

The Hamilton Index of Advanced-Industry Performance: Data Visualization Tool

Seven strategically important industries. Sixty-six countries. Twenty-four years’ worth of value-added output data. This interactive visualization tool benchmarks national performance both in nominal U.S. dollars and relative to national shares of global GDP, an industry-concentration ratio known as a location quotient (LQ).

Why America Should Compete to Win in Advanced Industries

Why America Should Compete to Win in Advanced Industries

Until a significant share of America’s leaders believes the United States is in economic competition with other nations—and that it has a right and duty to win that competition—generating the political will for a national advanced-industry strategy will be difficult.

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April 27, 2023|Register Now

Reviving America’s Hamiltonian Tradition to Win the Economic Competition With China

Please join ITIF for an all-day conference with leading experts and policymakers to explore why and how Washington can look to Hamiltonianism for guidance in how to win the techno-economic contest with China.

November 28, 2022

How Updating a Century-Old Trade Law Could Limit China’s Ability to Profit From Unfair Trade Practices

Watch ITIF's briefing event featuring Sen. Mark Warner (D-VA) and an expert panel of current and former U.S. trade officials who discussed how to limit China’s ability to profit from its predatory trade practices.

September 15, 2022

A New Frontier: Leveraging U.S. High-Performance Computing Leadership in an Exascale Era

Watch ITIF's event at the Dirksen Senate Office Building (SD-562) as it released a new report exploring the promise of HPC in the exascale era, examining some of the latest cutting-edge applications of HPC, and articulating steps policymakers should take to keep the United States at the leading-edge of this highly globally competitive, yet truly foundational information technology.

January 11, 2022

What a National Strategic-Industry Policy Should Look Like

ITIF hosted a discussion of what a robust national strategic-industry policy should—and should not—entail.

March 22, 2021

Time for a New National Innovation System for Defense and Competitiveness

ITIF hosted a panel with a keynote speech by Rep. Adam Smith (D-WA), chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, followed by an expert discussion with leading defense and technology experts of the health of the current U.S. innovation and production system, including the defense industrial base, and what the new administration and Congress should do to strengthen it.

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IanIan Clay

Research Assistant

StephenStephen Ezell

Vice President, Global Innovation Policy, and Director, Center for Life Sciences Innovation


DavidDavid Adler

Economics Author, "Inside Operation Warp Speed: A New Model for Industrial Policy"

BenBen Armstrong

Research Scientist, MIT Industrial Performance Center

William B.William B. Bonvillian

Former Director, MIT Washington Office

MichaelMichael Brown

Former Director, Defense Innovation Unit (DIU), U.S. Department of Defense

EricaErica Fuchs

Professor, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University

Rosabeth MossRosabeth Moss Kanter

Ernest L. Arbuckle Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School

SridharSridhar Kota

Herrick Professor of Engineering, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

BradBrad Markell

Executive Director, AFL-CIO Industrial Union Council

JackJack Shanahan

Lieutenant General, Retired., United States Air Force

Willy C.Willy C. Shih

Professor of Management Practice, Harvard Business School

CarrollCarroll Thomas

Director, Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

More From the Center

March 20, 2023|Reports & Briefings

What Kind of Industrial Policy: Progressive or Hamiltonian?

Progressives want to replace neoliberalism with green-equity-focused industrial policy, which would make America poorer and weaker. Washington should instead adopt a Hamiltonian agenda to win the global competition for advanced industry leadership, especially versus China.

March 10, 2023|Op-Eds & Commentary

How Should Allies Respond to China’s Technology Competition?

The recent alteration of the global geopolitical environment has brought into stark reality the weaknesses of long-running economic shifts (and proactive actions) that have favoured China—giving it market dominance and trade leverage throughout industries and supply chains. The future is going to be anything but certain, and Australia, the United States and their allies must be prepared.

March 9, 2023|Op-Eds & Commentary

How ‘National Developmentalism’ Built America

Embracing national developmentalism will be critical to enabling America to meet the existential challenge that is China.

March 8, 2023|Blogs

A Reformed Section 337 Is the Tool for USTR to Mitigate China’s Unfair Trade Practices

Despite over a decade of policy debates and changes, the United States is still in dire need of tools to limit China’s ability to profit from industrial predation.

March 1, 2023|Testimonies & Filings

Comments to the Commerce Department Regarding Implementation of the Regional Technology and Innovation Hub Program

As the think tank that first proposed the policy idea of a federal regional technology hub program, ITIF enthusiastically supports the program and is pleased to offer comments to help the Commerce Department implement it effectively.

January 23, 2023|Reports & Briefings

Wake Up, America: China Is Overtaking the United States in Innovation Capacity

Based on key indicators of innovation and advanced-industry performance, China has surpassed the United States in total innovation output and is getting close on a proportional basis. To regain its leadership, the United States must respond more strategically and forcefully.

January 16, 2023|Op-Eds & Commentary

When Facts About China Change, Elites Should Change Their Views Too

China’s aspiration to become the new global hegemon calls into question the “Washington Consensus” that free markets and unfettered globalization maximize U.S. and global welfare. But for true believers, that is unacceptable. So, the idea China is a threat must be destroyed intellectually.

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