How Policymakers Can Foster Algorithmic Accountability

Instead of overregulating, governments should adopt a policy framework based on the principle of “algorithmic accountability” to promote innovation while holding human operators responsible for harmful outcomes.

Manufacturing USA at DOE: Supporting Energy Innovation

Accelerating energy innovation by manufacturers in America would boost economic growth and global competitiveness, while addressing key national security and environmental goals. But market failures lead to gaps in the private sector’s response to this imperative. That’s where the Department of Energy’s Manufacturing USA innovation institutes come in.

Why We Need Net Neutrality Legislation, and What It Should Look Like

There is ample room for a bipartisan compromise that would simultaneously lock in noncontroversial bright-line protections, end the absurd back-and-forth on FCC jurisdiction, and secure funding to help close the digital divide.

Federal Energy RD&D: Building on Momentum in Fiscal Year 2019

Congress should continue on the path toward doubling federal energy RD&D funding, which would fulfill a commitment the United States made along with 19 other countries to accelerate the global transition to cleaner, more affordable, more reliable energy.

Big Is Beautiful: Debunking the Myth of Small Business

This provocative new book now available from The MIT Press shows small businesses are not the drivers of our prosperity. Big firms are better for job creation, productivity, innovation, and most other economic benefits. Governments should stop tipping the scales toward small and adopt “size neutral” policies that encourage companies of all sizes to grow.

Innovate4Health: How Innovators Are Solving Global Health Challenges

Twenty-five case studies underscore how innovators in developing countries—often enabled by robust IP rights—are achieving advances in life sciences and healthcare that benefit people around the world.

Why “Smart” Manufacturing Matters and How Countries Are Supporting It

The digitalization of manufacturing is changing how products are designed, fabricated, used, and serviced, just as it’s transforming the operations, processes, and energy footprint of factories and supply chains.

How to Ensure That America’s Life-Sciences Sector Remains Globally Competitive

America’s lead in life sciences is being challenged. Other countries are aggressively seeking to attract and grow companies with innovation-based tax incentives, a range of firm-specific enticements, increased government research funding, improved IP protections, and streamlined regulatory approval processes. The federal government should act to ensure U.S. life sciences remain competitive.

Emerging Technologies and Preparing for the Future Labor Market

In a report for the Canadian government ahead of the G7 Ministerial on Innovation and Employment, ITIF discusses why the coming technology wave is a progressive force G7 nations should embrace.

The Impact of the EU’s New Data Protection Regulation on AI

The EU’s new data privacy rules, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), will have a negative impact on the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) in Europe, putting EU firms at a competitive disadvantage compared with their competitors in North America and Asia.

Why Tariffs on Chinese ICT Imports Would Harm the U.S. Economy

Raising the cost of ICT products by levying tariffs on ICT imports from China would reduce growth in U.S. ICT investments, which would lower productivity growth, and thus economic growth.

How to Reform Worker-Training and Adjustment Policies for an Era of Technological Change

Rather than slow down technological disruption to protect a small number of workers at the expense of the vast majority who are benefiting, policymakers should focus on doing significantly more to help those who are displaced transition successfully into new jobs and occupations.

The Worst Innovation Mercantilist Policies of 2017

Brazil, China, Indonesia, Russia, and Vietnam fielded some of the year’s worst innovation mercantilist policies. Their targets included Internet-based services, electric vehicles, biopharmaceuticals, computers and electronics.

Why Foreign Competition, Not Productivity, Is More to Blame for Job Losses in  U.S. Manufacturing: A Primer for Policymakers

ITIF has conducted in-depth analyses showing that while superior productivity growth did contribute to U.S. manufacturing job losses, the bigger factor was unfair foreign trade practices and the U.S. manufacturing sector’s lack of competitiveness.

Sensational, But Wrong: How Piketty & Co. Overstate Inequality in America

No one has done more to shape the narrative about income inequality in America than economist Thomas Piketty. But he and his colleagues have been making questionable methodological choices that maximize the jarring effect of their findings.

Growing the Future: State Efforts to Advance the Life Sciences

Life-sciences companies grow best in locations that can combine qualities like a good business environment, skilled workers, strong research universities, and available capital. Strengthening these and related factors can give states a stronger competitive advantage.

The Competitive Edge: A Policymakers’ Guide to Developing a National Strategy

Most competitiveness strategies focus on broad measures such as improving the business environment or supporting better factor inputs for firms. While necessary, these steps do not constitute an effective competitiveness strategy. Policymakers must go much deeper.

A Policymaker’s Guide To Connected Cars

While there is much excitement about autonomous vehicles, connected vehicles hold much more promise over the next decade or so. However, absent proactive public policies, especially to enable infrastructure to “talk” to vehicles, the development and adoption of connected vehicles will be suboptimal.

How Technology-Based Start-Ups Support U.S. Economic Growth

The number of technology-based start-ups surged 47 percent in the last decade. These firms still account for a relatively small share of all businesses, but they have an outsized impact on economic growth, because they provide better-paying, longer-lasting jobs than other start-ups, and they contribute more to innovation, productivity, and competitiveness.

ARPA-E: Versatile Catalyst for U.S. Energy Innovation

The Advanced Research Projects Agency – Energy (ARPA-E) more effectively generates new ideas that are useful to energy innovators than its older brethren in the federal R&D establishment, and it bridges the gap between research and use in ways that these other agencies simply do not.

The 2017 State New Economy Index

The State New Economy Index uses 25 indicators to measure the extent to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, IT-driven, and innovation-oriented.

How National Governments Can Help Smart Cities Succeed

While local governments can and should manage much of the evolution to “smart cities,” national governments have an important role to play as well in accelerating and coordinating their development. Indeed, the long-term success of smart cities will likely depend on whether national governments support their development.

Stopping China's Mercantilism: A Doctrine of Constructive, Alliance-Backed Confrontation

China’s systematic mercantilism is a threat to the U.S. economy and the very soul of the global trading system. America cannot respond with either flaccid appeasement or economic nationalism; it must assemble an international coalition that pressures China to stop rigging markets and start competing on fair terms.

False Alarmism: Technological Disruption and the U.S. Labor Market, 1850–2015

Contrary to popular perceptions, the labor market is not experiencing unprecedented technological disruption. In fact, occupational churn in the United States is at a historic low. It is time stop worrying and start accelerating productivity with more technological innovation.

The Best States for Data Innovation

While data-driven innovation is a global phenomenon, some regions are better poised to enjoy the resulting benefits because they have invested in and supported the conditions necessary to succeed in the data economy. This is also true within the United States.

Cross-Border Data Flows: Where Are the Barriers, and What Do They Cost the World?

A growing number of countries are making it more expensive and time consuming, if not illegal, to transfer data overseas. This reduces economic growth and undercuts social value.

Robots, Automation, and Jobs: A Primer for Policymakers

There is considerable confusion about the potential effects of emerging technologies such as robotics and artificial intelligence on employment. This primer outlines 13 key points to understand about that interaction.

Think Like an Enterprise: Why Nations Need Comprehensive Productivity Strategies

Productivity is the key to improving living standards—so policymakers should ignore conventional economists who say there is little government can do about it and instead make it the principal goal of economic policy.

High-Tech Nation: How Technological Innovation Shapes America’s 435 Congressional Districts

America’s innovation-driven, high-tech economy isn’t concentrated around a few hubs like Silicon Valley; it is widely diffused—and every state and congressional district has a stake in its success.

Tech Policy To-Do List

A menu of actionable ideas for the Trump administration and 115th Congress to foster innovation, growth, and progress.

Innovation Economics: The Race for Global Advantage

This book delivers a critical wake-up call: a fierce global race for innovation advantage is under way, and while other nations are making support for technology and innovation a central tenet of their economic strategies and policies, America lacks a robust innovation policy.