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Source: Stefano Baruffaldi, et al., “Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence: Making the impossible possible,” OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers 2020/05, 2020.
Commentary: The identification of academic publications in nascent fields is often difficult. This is especially true for artificial intelligence (AI), where many developments take place in (or are applied to) other disciplines. An OECD paper proposes a new machine learning-based identification strategy for such fields. It finds that AI-related publications increased 10 percent annually from 2005 to 2015, growing to 23 percent a year from 2015 to 2018.