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Caleb Foote

Caleb Foote

Former Research Assistant

Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

Caleb Foote was a research assistant at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. Prior to joining ITIF, Caleb graduated from Brown University with a concentration in Economics. He previously interned for TechHelp and serves as a trustee of the American Parliamentary Debate Association.

Recent Publications

November 23, 2020

Chinese Competitiveness in the International Digital Economy

With protectionist policies shielding their rear flank domestically, China’s digital firms are out to capture global market share. Their strategy hinges on state-backed innovation mercantilism—and their success will come at the cost of U.S. jobs, exports, and economic growth.

October 19, 2020

The 2020 State New Economy Index

The State New Economy Index uses 25 indicators to measure the extent to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, IT-driven, and innovation-oriented.

October 19, 2020

Fact of the Week: A Twofold Increase in Immigrant Inventors Produces a 25 to 60 Percent Increase in Patenting Related to Technologies That the Immigrants’ Native Countries Specialize In

A new study finds that countries are 25 to 60 percent more likely to gain advantage in patenting in certain technologies, given a twofold increase in the number of foreign inventors from nations that specialize in those same technologies.

October 13, 2020

Fact of the Week: Four and a Half Decades Later, the Cultural Revolution is Still Harming China's Economy

A new study has found that firms with CEOs who turned 18 during the Cultural Revolution spend less on R&D, generate fewer patents, and receive fewer citations to these patents.

October 5, 2020

Fact of the Week: High Levels of Economic Informality Hurts Manufacturing Growth in Developing Nations

A study of manufacturing in India finds that the informal segment is harmful to the growth in productivity of the manufacturing sector, because workers move on average from more productive formal employment to less productive informal employment.

September 28, 2020

Trump vs. Biden: Comparing the Candidates’ Positions on Technology and Innovation

Tech policy broadly defined becomes more important each presidential election, and this one is no different. As it has in every cycle since 2008, ITIF provides a side-by-side comparison of the nominees’ positions on key issues related to the progress of technological innovation.

September 21, 2020

Fact of the Week: Foreign Applications for Chinese Patents in Key Technologies are 54 Percent More Likely to be Rejected

The study finds that for technologies that China has identified as strategic, a patent application’s risk of rejection rises from 16.6 to 25.6 percent if it is foreign, an increase of 54 percent.

September 14, 2020

Fact of the Week: Engaging in Cross-Border Data Transfers Increases Firms’ Productivity by 6.1 Percent

Cross-border data flows represent a critical component of the increasingly digital global economy. A new study of Japanese firms estimates the influence these flows have had, finding that firms which transmit data internationally increase their productivity by 6.1 percent, on average.

August 31, 2020

Fact of the Week: Only About 4 Percent of US GRE Takers Exceed the Average Quantitative Reasoning Score Earned by Examinees in China

Chinese students averaged 164.7, a score surpassed by only about 4 percent of U.S. test-takers.

August 24, 2020

Fact of the Week: Firms With In-House Software Development Are Twice as Likely to Innovate as Firms That Conduct No Software Development

Analysis of a survey of Swedish firms found that 65 percent of firms that conduct in-house software development had recently introduced a new product or service, compared to 46 percent for firms that contract out software development and 32 percent for firms that do no software development.

August 17, 2020

Fact of the Week: Canada’s Stock of Data in 2018 Was Worth Up to $164 Billion

The Canadian government undertook a project to estimate the value of the nation’s data, finding that in 2018 the total stock of data was worth between $118 billion and $164 billion.

August 10, 2020

Fact of the Week: Counties That Received Large Public R&D Investments in WWII Went on to Produce 30 Percent More Patents in 1970

A new study finds that prior to the war, patenting in counties that received large amounts of OSRD funding had been in line with other counties, but then they diverged significantly, increasing patenting by 30 percent in 1970 relative to other counties.

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