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Nigel Cory


Associate Director, Trade Policy

Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

Email: [email protected]

Phone: 202-626-5720

Twitter: @nigelcory

Nigel Cory is an associate director covering trade policy at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. He focuses on cross-border data flows, data governance, intellectual property, and how they each relate to digital trade and the broader digital economy. Cory has provided in-person testimony and written submissions and has published reports and op-eds relating to these issues in the United States, the European Union, Australia, China, India, and New Zealand, among other countries and regions, and he has completed research projects for international bodies such as the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation and the World Trade Organization. Nigel is a member of the United Kingdom’s International Data Transfer Expert Council.

Cory previously worked as a researcher in the Southeast Asia Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Prior to that, he worked for eight years in Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, which included positions working on G20 global economic and trade issues and the Doha Development Round. Cory also had diplomatic postings in Malaysia, where he worked on bilateral and regional trade, economic, and security issues, and in Afghanistan, where he was the deputy director of a joint U.S.-Australia provincial reconstruction team. Cory holds a master’s degree in public policy from Georgetown University and a bachelor’s degree in international business and commerce from Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia.

Recent Publications

September 19, 2022

How the EU Is Using Technology Standards as a Protectionist Tool In Its Quest for Cybersovereignty

Europe professes to want greater transatlantic digital cooperation, yet it is systemically excluding U.S. firms from participating in its technical standards-setting processes. A real transatlantic digital alliance requires real EU-U.S. cooperation on technical standards.

July 7, 2022

The NDO Fairness Act is a Much Needed Step to Building More Transparency and Trust Around Government Access to Data

Just as U.S. policymakers want greater transparency over how private firms manage U.S. personal data, especially regarding foreign governments, so too do people need greater transparency from the U.S. government to trust that their privacy is truly respected.

June 30, 2022

Comments to Australia’s Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet Regarding the National Data Security Action Plan

Including data localization in its National Data Strategy would be a critical misstep that would undermine what Australia is otherwise working to achieve at home and globally in terms of digital policy.

June 17, 2022

In the Global Battle Over Data Flows, Data Liberals Must Fight Back Against Data Nationalists and Interventionists

Nations embracing data liberalism, especially Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom, and the United States, should work collectively to develop new rules to support data flows and more forcefully resist efforts to limit data flows.

May 10, 2022

France’s “Sovereignty Requirements” for Cybersecurity Services Violate WTO Trade Law and Undermine Transatlantic Digital Trade and Cybersecurity Cooperation

On March 8, 2022, France enacted updated “sovereignty requirements” as part of a new cybersecurity certification and labeling program known as SecNumCloud. This post analyses how these restrictions breach both France and the European Union’s (EU) commitments under the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), especially as it relates to national treatment, most-favored-nation (MFN), and market access. It also analyzes the implications for transatlantic digital trade and cooperation, including at the Trade and Technology Council (TTC).

May 3, 2022

Brazil’s Innovative Use of Electronic Invoices for Trade and Economic Analysis: Highlighting the Barriers and Bridges to Data Sharing and Data-Driven Trade and Economic Policy

Brazil’s innovative use of electronic invoices (EIs) to provide granular, monthly analysis of domestic economic and foreign trade activity provides a case study for how countries need to put in place the legal and administrative framework, plus the skills, to allow this type of data sharing and analysis. However, analysis of EIs to show domestic production and imports of critical COVID-19 products, and as part of negotiations at the World Trade Organization, show the value of building this data collection and analysis capability.

March 21, 2022

Comments to the U.S. Commerce Department on the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework

Responding to a Commerce Department inquiry into the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF), ITIF provided recommendations on global data flows, privacy, and governance; innovation and advanced manufacturing; standards-setting for data, cybersecurity, AI, cloud services, and other new and emerging technologies; the potential for an IPEF climate-change agenda; and using IPEF to launch a joint commercial intelligence forum.

March 14, 2022

Trade in Knowledge and Cross-Border Data Flows: A Look at Emerging Digital Regulatory Issues

The ever-growing gap between technological innovation and domestic and international policy frameworks shows many policymakers are struggling to adapt rules and norms to the digital economy, which detracts from its potential benefits.

March 1, 2022

Writing the Rules: Redefining Norms of Global Digital Governance

This chapter examines China’s increasingly assertive efforts to influence international data governance, especially cross-border data flows, and promote its concept of “cyber sovereignty,” while also analyzing its restrictive approach to domestic data governance as the basis for its international advocacy efforts.

February 24, 2022

The SECRETS Act Adds a Critical New Defense Against IP Theft Threatening U.S. Tech Leadership

Acting against Chinese IP theft is a rare area of bipartisan support in U.S. trade policy, and the SECRETS Act provides a chance for U.S. policymakers and the Biden administration to take a stand against such parasitic practices by enacting a new law.

February 22, 2022

A Worker-Centric Trade Agenda Needs to Focus on Competitiveness, Including Robust IP Protections

In his shift to a “worker-centric trade agenda,” President Biden should reject the counsel of anticorporate, antitrade progressives who deny that U.S. companies’ interests align with U.S. workers’ interests. A new competitiveness-focused approach to trade policy can support both.

February 8, 2022

U.S. Options to Engage on Digital Trade and Economic Issues in the Asia-Pacific

There are many ways the United States can rejoin trading partners in shaping digital trade in the Asia-Pacific. But in choosing its path, the administration should not allow misguided opposition deter it from insisting on binding rules for data flows and other key digital economy issues.

More publications by Nigel Cory

Recent Events and Presentations

June 9, 2022

Data Localization vs. Data Governance: Why China Should Support Open, Clear, and Binding Rules on Data Flows and Digital Trade

Nigel Cory presented at the 2nd International Cyberspace Governance Forum hosted in Beijing, China, by Beihang University and Beijing Normal University.

May 19, 2022

Health Data Governance and Localization

On May 19, 2022, Nigel Cory gave a presentation on “Health Data Governance and Localization” to the Healthcare Leadership Council’s (HLC) Confidentiality Coalition.

December 2, 2021

2021 Global Trade and Innovation Policy Alliance Annual Summit

The GTIPA’s annual summits bring together alliance members with world-leading experts to explore creative solutions to the difficult economic, trade, and innovation challenges facing the international community.

July 20, 2021

How Can Countries Support Data Flows, Digital Trade, and Good Data Governance?

ITIF hosted a panel discussion on a new report on global data localization and what policymakers need to develop new rules, norms, frameworks, and agreements to support data flows.

June 10, 2021

Innovation Drag: The Impact of Chinese Economic and Trade Policies on Global Innovation

Watch our overview of this research, including sectoral analysis of five advanced industries: telecommunications equipment, biopharmaceuticals, solar photovoltaics, semiconductors, and high-speed rail. ITIF analysts will discuss how Chinese policies affect global innovation and steps allied nations can take to mitigate the harm.

November 12, 2020

Prospects for New Trade Governance Amid Protectionist Digital Industrial Policies and National Security Concerns

On November 12, Nigel Cory gave a keynote presentation on “Digital Trade: The prospects for new trade governance amidst emerging protectionist digital industrial policies and national security concerns” at the Trade and Investment in Services Associates (TIISA)’s 2020 Conference on “Servicification.”

October 28, 2020

Using Voluntary Agreements to Support a Local and Global Market in Legal Content

On October 28, 2020, Nigel Cory gave a presentation about how voluntary agreements among key stakeholders help combat digital piracy to Libre 2020 (the premier international Spanish-language book fair).

October 10, 2019

The Moratorium and the Impact on Developing Countries

Nigel Cory gave a presentation at the World Trade Organization’s Public Forum on “The Moratorium and the Impact on Developing Countries.”

October 9, 2019

Digital Trade and Health Services and Data

Nigel Cory gave a presentation at the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Public Forum on “Digital Trade and Health: Data Flows and Data Governance.”

August 24, 2019

Digital Trade Policy Dialogue: Latin America

Nigel Cory gave a presentation at an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Digital Trade Policy Dialogue in Puetro Varas, Chile.

August 23, 2019

Fostering an Enabling Policy Environment for Data-Utilizing Businesses: AI, Payments, Encryption, and Accounting/tax Services

Nigel Cory gave a presentation at a Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) senior officials meeting in Puetro Varas, Chile.

May 3, 2018

Cross-Border Data Flows

Nigel Cory discussed cross-border data flows during a panel at George Mason University’s Eighth Annual Public Policy Institute on Financial Services.

More Events & Presentations by Nigel Cory

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