Europe

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January 29, 2022

Over the last few years, many algorithm-driven companies in the digital economy have been investigated, prosecuted and fined, mostly for allegedly unfair algorithm design. Legislative proposals aim at regulating the way algorithms shape competition. Consequently, a so-called “algorithmic antitrust” theory and practice have also emerged.

December 20, 2021

Despite domestic presidential elections in April, the EU’s French Presidency will be critical for adopting the Digital Markets Act in ways that minimize harmful unintended consequences.

December 16, 2021

As the United States and the European Union continue to work on building back better the transatlantic relationship in the coming year, they should make resolving data flows a top priority.

December 13, 2021

Commerce Secretary Raimondo must be applauded for voicing concern about the EU’s proposed Digital Markets Act—not only for warning about the harm it will do to U.S. tech companies, U.S. workers, and the U.S. economy, but also for highlighting the considerable competitive gains that the DMA will grant Chinese tech rivals.

December 6, 2021

The Digital Markets Unit does a disservice to the United Kingdom’s legal tradition and economic future precisely when the country is at historical post-Brexit crossroads.

December 2, 2021

After a shaky lead up, the first U.S.-EU Trade and Technology Council (TTC) meeting in Pittsburgh got the TTC off the starting blocks, but that was the easiest part. The hard work lies ahead in traversing the obstacle course and getting to the finish line. Officials need to show progress in bringing the post-summit joint statement (and its ten working groups (WG)) to life before TTC principals reconvene again in the spring of 2022.

November 29, 2021

The EU and the U.S. need to address the real technology competitiveness challenge, which is China.

November 22, 2021

Banning personalized ads would threaten about €6 billion of income for the European app economy—a sector that employs 1.5 million people in the EU.

November 16, 2021

Cloud computing is essential for innovation and competitiveness, but France is lagging behind in its cloud adoption. To catch up, it would be more efficient and effective for France to protect consumers and promote competition with industry-led guidelines instead of rigid and onerous regulations such as the proposed Digital Markets Act.

November 2, 2021

ITIF's Center for Data Innovation hosted a panel discussion exploring how European businesses use digital advertising to generate growth, the structure of Europe’s market for online ads, and the contributions of targeted ads to the EU’s digital transformation.

November 1, 2021

Allies and partners like the United States, the EU, the United Kingdom, and Canada should avoid destabilizing trade frictions that threaten to derail much-needed climate progress and instead work toward a collaborative climate innovation club.

October 29, 2021

There is something even more important in French economic policy than anti-American techlash: a national industrial policy dedicated to nurturing “national champions” of EU tech policy.

October 15, 2021

ITIF's Center for Data Innovation hosted a discussion about the ins and outs of Article 22, its purpose, its flaws, and whether it is fit for purpose in the digital age. The outputs of the discussion will be fed back to the Minister for Digital and Culture as part of the Government’s formal consultation for the new National Data Strategy.

October 14, 2021

Most EU policymakers don’t understand that the way to compete with American tech giants is not to take them on directly, but to rely on Schumpeterian competition.

September 17, 2021

Whether the U.S. and EU succeed in rebuilding the transatlantic relationship holds broad implications, because the alternative—strained engagement between major trading partners—would help fragment the digital economy and give a strategic gift to China.

September 13, 2021

As the Biden administration works with its EU counterparts through the new U.S.-EU Trade and Technology Council (TTC), it should hold firm in defending the superior U.S. innovation system. To that end, U.S. negotiators must first clarify their positions on at least four strategic questions.

August 12, 2021

ITIF's Center for Data Innovation argued the framework should encourage responsible adoption and use of the technology to benefit society, provide guardrails that address potential harms, and foster growth and innovation in the European digital economy.

July 26, 2021

The AIA will cost the European economy €31 billion over the next five years and reduce AI investments by almost 20 percent. A European SME that deploys a high-risk AI system will incur compliance costs of up to €400,000 which would cause profits to decline by 40 percent.

June 10, 2021

The president should seek a stronger alliance with European allies, particularly against China, but he should not “give away the store” by sacrificing U.S. economic and technology interests simply to make amends.

June 8, 2021

ITIF hosted an expert panel discussion discussing EU-US digital trade relations and what both governments should do to foster closer relations without sacrificing U.S. digital innovation.

May 24, 2021

The European Commission has set out to ensure digital markets are “fair and contestable.” But in a paradigm shift for antitrust enforcement, its proposal would impose special regulations on a narrowly defined set of “gatekeepers.” Contrary to its intent, this will deter innovation—and hold back small and medium-sized firms—to the detriment of the economy.

May 7, 2021

It would be a massive step in the right direction if policymakers in the United States and around the world could focus on the facts and weigh up the various interests and stakeholders in a similarly sober and dispassionate way as the CJEU.

May 3, 2021

Norway is pivoting toward renewable energy—including offshore wind and electric vehicle technologies—while broadening and deepening its national innovation ecosystem to encourage new firms in a range of industries to scale up and compete globally.

April 30, 2021

The new approach advocated by the European Commission for competition enforcement towards digital markets illustrates a preference for precaution.

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