Discussions about job losses from automation tend to assume that innovation will overwhelmingly displace low-skill workers. But this view is misguided because it fails to recognize that low-skill jobs are the least profitable for companies to make obsolete.
France’s digital services tax, which other nations also are considering, represents a radical departure from current practice and would greatly complicate ongoing efforts by the OECD to negotiate changes to the international tax regime by 2020.
The United States leads the race for global advantage in artificial intelligence, at least for the time being, with China coming in second and the EU lagging behind. But China is poised to challenge U.S. dominance in coming years as it undertakes bold AI initiatives.
Daniel Castro writes for Euronews, Europe will be left behind in AI if it focuses on ethics rather than developing the best technology.
As Eline Chivot writes for The Local, the German state house decision to ban Microsoft’s Office 365 software is an example of how overly restrictive privacy laws can leave European consumers worse off by making valuable technology off limits.
The UK can simultaneously promote data-driven innovations for all, develop the types of skills required for the digital economy, support the private sector’s use of data to increase productivity, and improve public services through appropriate sharing and use of data within government, as well as between government and the private sector.
If implemented, a proposal on online harms would restrict legitimate content without due process, hurt digital businesses, limit access to information and, by creating state regulation of speech, damage freedom of expression for millions of users.
One year later, there is mounting evidence that the law has not produced its intended outcomes; moreover, the unintended consequences are severe and widespread.
A survey of allied think tanks summarizes what 23 nations and the EU are doing best when it comes to innovation policy, and where there are the greatest opportunities to improve. In many cases, the successes can serve as model policies for other countries to adopt.
As Daniel Castro and Eline Chivot write for European Views, results of recent survey data show that the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)—which the EU has touted as the gold standard for data protection rules—has had no impact on consumer trust in the digital economy since it came into force last May.
Offshoring is widely maligned for reducing manufacturing employment in advanced economies. However, by lowering costs and utilizing global value chains, firms that outsource can afford to increase their investments and funding for higher-productivity jobs, making the overall economic implications less clear.
China’s patent output has grown dramatically in recent years, both in terms of the volume of patents submitted for international protection under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and in terms of the number of citations those patents receive, a standard measure of a patent’s importance. New research breaking down the sources of those citations raises significant doubts about whether the growth in Chinese patent citations is as meaningful as it appears.
ITIF endorses USTR’s proposed imposition of countermeasures, in the form of additional tariffs, commensurate with what the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body has found to be adverse effects inflicted on U.S. aerospace competitors as a result of the EU’s WTO-inconsistent subsidy programs for large civil aircraft.
By providing remote access to data storage, processing, and software, cloud computing lets firms easily scale their computing needs and avoid the large fixed costs of IT infrastructure, which allows small firms to operate and expand more efficiently. New research into cloud adoption by firms in the United Kingdom supports this reasoning.
Europe’s success in the global algorithmic economy requires a regulatory environment that is fit for AI but does not reduce consumer protections.
While it may be tempting to focus on the direct job losses caused by robot adoption, it is wrong to conclude that automation constitutes a generalized threat to workers, either in manufacturing or in the broader economy. By choosing to automate, firms can increase their productivity, which allows them to expand and increase their employment.
The Fraunhofer Gesellschaft (FhG), a German nonprofit organization that conducts applied research, started about 6,500 projects per year with private firms between 1997 and 2014, and new research shows the firms reap substantial benefits from the collaboration.
Robots are key tools for boosting productivity and living standards, and companies around the world are putting them to use. But while Korea is the world’s largest adopter, with 710 robots per 10,000 workers, the United States sits at seventh, with 200 robots. Why does the United States lag behind?
ITIF's Center for Data Innovation discussed the progress that member states within the European Union have made to create and implement national AI strategies.
As Rob Atkinson writes for Germany’s Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Margarethe Vestager’s decision to veto a merger between rail companies Alstom and Siemens shows how preventing EU firms from merging will result in weakened and shrunken European competitors.
The European Union in 2007 established the Risk Sharing Finance Facility (RSFF) to improve access to debt financing for high-risk R&D projects by co-financing loans with private banks. A new study has analyzed the impact of the €18.2 billion that the RSFF invested from its inception through 2016.
The EU has an opportunity to make major strides in the next wave of digital transformation. But it will need to adopt a forward-looking policy perspective that focuses on the benefits of connectivity, automation, and smart systems for Europe’s economy and society.
ITIF's Center for Data Innovation hosted a conversation about how the public and private sectors can work together to accelerate the use of Artificial Intelligence to combat fake news as the European Union prepares for its 2019 elections.
Both EDPS and CPDP have paid a lot of lip service to the importance of ethics. It is time to turn those words into actions and be clear about where it stands on an inappropriate and offensive recent statement by Giovanni Buttarelli.
When skilled workers migrate, it seems obvious that the destination country is gaining at the expense of the origin country, which is losing talent and potential sources of innovation. However, a new study has challenged the idea that migration is zero sum, finding that origin countries actually benefit from skilled workers moving abroad.