Caleb Foote

Caleb Foote
Research Assistant
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

Caleb Foote is a research assistant at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. Prior to joining ITIF, Caleb graduated from Brown University with a concentration in Economics. He previously interned for TechHelp and serves as a trustee of the American Parliamentary Debate Association.

Recent Publications

July 6, 2020

A new study examines the number of researchers in the public and private sectors between 1981 and 2017 across 20 OECD countries, finding that a doubling of private researchers increases productivity growth by 4.3 to 7.2 percent, while doubling public researchers increases productivity growth by 6.1 to 20.6 percent.

June 29, 2020

A substantial portion of patents (28.2 percent in 2017) rely on government-funded research.

June 22, 2020

Labor productivity growth during the U.K.'s Industrial Revolution averaged below 0.4 percent from 1770 to 1830, and only gradually increased to about 0.8 percent in 1860.

June 15, 2020

Researchers estimate that Chinese companies with a CEO who has less than a college degree invest 1.6 percent less of their assets into R&D and file 28 percent fewer patent applications.

June 8, 2020

The Census Bureau significantly expanded data gathering about the digital economy in 2017, for the first time including the service sector. It has now released 2018 data, identifying $8.3 trillion in e-commerce revenue, up $633 billion from 2017.

June 1, 2020

AI-related publications increased 10 percent annually from 2005 to 2015, growing to 23 percent a year from 2015 to 2018.

May 26, 2020

The changing rate of technological advancement is a large source of controversy, with fears of both acceleration and stagnation. A new paper has sought to examine more granularly where this growth is occurring, identifying 1,757 technology domains and assessing the importance of new patents in those domains from 1976 to 2015.

May 18, 2020

Digital technology adoption has spread rapidly through the economy, revolutionizing many processes. A new study examines how this change has taken place, interviewing 1,700 companies across the United States and European Union.

May 11, 2020

The automation of manufacturing industries is a major public concern due to the salience of layoffs that are directly attributed to robot adoption. But closer analysis of automation’s impacts generally reveals that these fears are overblown.

May 4, 2020

Artificial intelligence (AI) is widely considered to have the potential to dramatically re-shape industries throughout the economy, which creates incentives for companies to conceal their research. Despite this, a new study posits that AI science and technology are deeply linked, with academic papers spurring industrial applications and vice versa.

April 27, 2020

Public research institutes (PRIs) are government-owned non-academic centers designed to collaborate with other research groups. They are a key complement to firms’ own R&D investments, although they are often overshadowed.

April 20, 2020

Assuming that the “shovel readiness” of investments are the same, policymakers are better off investing in areas that also boost long-term economic growth.