Caleb Foote

Caleb Foote
Research Assistant
Information Technology and Innovation Foundation

Caleb Foote is a research assistant at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. Prior to joining ITIF, Caleb graduated from Brown University with a concentration in Economics. He previously interned for TechHelp and serves as a trustee of the American Parliamentary Debate Association.

Recent Publications

February 18, 2020

With the cost of a degree from a top university increasing steadily, it is more important than ever for prospective students to understand their earnings prospects after graduation.

February 10, 2020

Labor productivity growth has slowed dramatically across the developed world in recent years. In the United States, it dropped to just 0.96 percent in the 10-year period from 2007 to 2017. That was down by more than half from 2.06 percent in the previous 10-year period.

February 3, 2020

The United States imposed tariffs on $290 billion of imports in 2018 and 2019, with an average tariff increase of 24 percent. A new study has quantified the impact of this on the U.S. economy, finding that firms facing increased import costs accounted for 84 percent of U.S. exports in those years and 65 percent of U.S. manufacturing employment.

January 27, 2020

Economic espionage represents a significant threat to the technological advantage of innovative companies, especially in high-tech sectors, where trade secrets are often worth billions of dollars. According to the Justice Department, China is by far the largest source of economic espionage, much of which is government-backed.

January 21, 2020

By the end of the Cold War, West Germany’s productivity was 3.6 times larger than East Germany’s. Utilizing the complete set of industrial information provided to East Germany between 1970 and 1989 by informants in West Germany, researchers have estimated that East Germany’s productivity would have been 10.3 percent lower in 1989 without this espionage.

January 13, 2020

A key problem in assessing the impact of e-commerce is that the goods that are commonly sold online are not random, so we cannot easily distinguish between price changes driven by e-commerce and price changes that would have happened regardless.

January 6, 2020

The has been a growing disparity across the globe between the governments that are choosing to prioritize innovation and those that aren’t. Recent analysis reflects this, comparing the growth of public R&D funding between 2008 and 2016 across eight major countries.

December 16, 2019

Prior to last week’s progress toward an interim trade deal with China, the United States had repeatedly delayed the expansion of tariffs on Chinese goods to most finished products. This was out of concern that such an escalation would hit U.S. consumers harder than existing tariffs on the intermediate goods that serve as inputs for companies to make their final products.

December 9, 2019

Defense spending is the main source of public R&D investment in the United States, totaling $78 billion in 2016. A new study examines the impacts of defense R&D investment by leveraging the dramatic increases in defense R&D investment across the OECD in the years following 2001.

December 2, 2019

The most important policy to boost economic opportunity is one that focuses on shifting the occupational mix toward fewer low-wage jobs and more middle-wage ones.

December 2, 2019

Automation boosts labor productivity, which is key to long-run economic growth. A new study examines the impact of automation on labor productivity in nine manufacturing industries across 12 European countries from 1995 to 2005, comparing the number of robots in use in an industry with the amount it invests in non-ICT capital.

November 25, 2019

Proponents of capping drug prices often dismiss concerns about the impact on pharmaceutical R&D by pointing to the fact that drug prices are much lower internationally than in the United States. But this reasoning fails to consider that price restrictions in other countries have made pharmaceutical companies disproportionately reliant on revenue from the United States.