Innovation Files

July 1, 2019
Trains have traditionally relied on signals from human dispatchers to determine their speed. However, large disparities in the speeds that different trains can travel causes significant inefficiencies in this process. New analysis of Southern California’s rail network has found that new positive train control technology can dramatically improve efficiency.
June 29, 2019
Following a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the G20 meetings in Tokyo, President Trump stated that he had agreed to lift the “deemed export” ban on Huawei.
June 26, 2019
It was my great pleasure in late May to welcome an interdisciplinary group of 18 early career researchers of energy innovation policy and management for a week of intensive discussion with one anot
June 24, 2019
Property taxes are very data intensive, requiring extensive records and analysis to accurately assess property values and levy taxes accordingly. This makes property taxes particularly difficult to apply in developing countries, especially because property taxes tend to be implemented by local governments.
June 21, 2019
While there is a lot of misinformation circling about the Libra system, the goals of an open, general-purpose financial system are admirable. Policymakers should support these systems, whether they are facilitated by tech companies like Facebook, cryptocurrency businesses, banks, or any other organization.
June 17, 2019
Student mobility has increased dramatically in recent years with 4.1 million students studying internationally in 2015, more than triple the 1.3 million international students in 1999. New research shows that these students are now far less concentrated in developed nations.
June 14, 2019
The Indian Government has lagged in approving safe biotech improved crops for years while farmers around the world have been reaping the rewards. Indian farmers are "not gonna take it anymore..."
June 10, 2019
The United States imposed six sets of tariffs in 2018, levying taxes on $303 billion worth of U.S. imports, which drove other nations to impose tariffs on $121 billion worth of U.S. exports. New analysis of U.S. trade through November 2018 found that nearly all the value of tariffs was passed through to U.S. companies and consumers in the form of domestic price increases.
June 3, 2019
As trade has globalized, it has become increasingly rare for goods to be produced entirely by any single nation. An import to the U.S. is likely to contain value produced in several countries, including in the U.S. itself. This presents a significant challenge to measuring the actual value created by any one nation. But a detailed analysis of Mexican customs data has revealed that U.S. exports to Mexico are disproportionately likely to return to the U.S. rather than stay in Mexico or be sold elsewhere.
May 30, 2019
Regulatory reform is difficult to accomplish on a large scale because it requires a detailed examination of specific market factors, which takes time and expertise to accomplish. On each issue, regulators must balance the desire to promote competition and innovation with the need to protect public safety.

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